Focus on the Baie de l'Embouchure & Baie Lucas
The site of Oyster Pond is located south of the French Quarter neighborhood, on the east side of the island.
This preserved area is an important green break between urbanization that develops on French Quarter on one hand and in Oyster Pond on the other.
The views are outstanding from this site.
It is thus possible to discover the largest mangrove of the French side of the island in the Fish Pond, right after the islets of the Baie de l’Embouchure to the mouth but also Tintamarre at the North and remarkable views of the island of St. Barts, in the East.
Located on a tourist route, many buses and quads trips stop for people to enjoy the richness of the French landscape. Many tourists are benefiting from the low tide to cross the sea and join one of the islets near the coast.
Saint-Martiners love this sites : we indeed observed daily sportsmen, hikers or just relax people from on a bench.
The vegetation of the site is severely degraded, but the vegetation characteristic of this sector is remarkable because it is an environment that combines the features of the species dry forest and species characteristics of the coasts.
There are about twenty years, forests and xerophytic woods still occupied most of the coast of St. Martin. But these forest areas were cleared for considerably constructions, giving way to their degradation stages: coppice woodlands, thickets and savannas. Not remain as rare relictual xerophytic forests, like those of Pic Paradise.
Trees in dry forest on limestone have their deciduous Lent. The most common are gray Mapu (Pisonia subcordata), the Poirier (Tabebuia heterophylla), and Red gum (Bursera simaruba). The Guaiac (Gaïacum officinale) is very rare and does found almost more than Tintamarre.
The flowers and fruits of these three latter species are known to be the most foraged and consumed by forest birds, including Crested Hummingbird (Orthorhyncus cristatus), the Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia), the whistler Elaenia (Elaenia martinica), the gray vireo (Vireo altiloquus) or the square-tailed Dove (Zenaida aurita).
The diversity of reptiles and insects, is also important in this type of environment.
This environment meets in Oyster Pond, the coastline vegetation characterized by sea grapes, the rosemary, cacti (including protected Melocactus intortus), mangroves ... Mangrove forests are located along the coasts and muddy bays. Mangrove benefits from nutrients supplied by marine waters and waters runoff from rivers inland. Primary production of mangrove litter consists of leaves, twigs and fruits of mangrove is very important: from 10 to 16 tons of dry matter / ha. Its organic matter is the cause of many food chains.
The mangroves are veritable nurseries: molluscs, crustaceans and small fish or seafood River, where they reproduce. Larvae or juveniles benefit from the abundance of this nutrient medium. The mudflats of mangroves thus provide abundant food for many shorebirds such migratory sandpipers, knights, plovers ...
Many marine birds find their food in the calm waters and shallow Mangroves: terns, osprey (Pandion haliaetus), the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), the Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens), ...
Texts : Association de gestion de la Réserve naturelle de St Martin / Antenne du Conservatoire du Littoral et Délégation Outre Mer .